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The Alpaca is a domesticated species, is a South American camelid. It resembles a small llama in appearance.
There are two breeds of alpaca, alpaca Suri and Huacaya alpacas.
Alpacas are kept in herds that graze on the heights of the Andes of southern Peru, northern Bolivia, Ecuador and northern Chile at an altitude of 3,500 but 5,000 meters, throughout the year. Alpacas are considerably smaller than the blade, and, unlike the blade, are not bred to be beasts of burden, but are bred specifically for their fiber. Alpaca fiber is used to make blankets, sweaters, hats, gloves, scarves, and a wide range of fabrics and ponchos. The fiber is available in more than 52 natural colors classified in Peru, 12 classified in Australia and 16 classified in the United States.
The Alpaca produces a natural fiber shiny and silky. And 'warmer wool, not pungent. The fiber has a special structure that helps protect from the cold and to maintain a constant heat and moisture from the body. The finished garment is therefore comfortable both at low and at high temperatures.
Being deprived of the natural oily substance called lanolin (present in wool), the fiber does not cause allergic reactions. In fact, the alpaca, like all camelids, produces no hair, but hair, very similar to our hair, and alpaca garments should be washed with shampoo and hair conditioner, as our hair. Also does not attract or retain dust.
The preparation, the processes of carding, spinning, weaving and finishing are very similar to the process used for wool.
Alpaca fiber is also flame resistant, and meets the standards of the Consumer Product Safety Commission of the United States.
The alpaca is known in the world of high fashion as fiber elegant and of great value to the extraordinary softness and heat capacity. At the time of the Incas was reserved, for its rarity and preciousness, the exclusive use of the imperial families.
The most prized Baby Alpaca is obtained from the first shearing of small alpaca, when they have just a year old and is considered a noble fiber for particular properties and characteristics that distinguish it from other textile fibers found in nature.
Thanks to the fineness of the fiber (22.5 microns) the finished garment is extremely soft. The fiber has a special structure that helps protect from the cold and to maintain a constant heat and moisture from the body. The finished garment is therefore comfortable both at low and at high temperatures.